LonWorks Overview

LonWorks is an open protocol that was originally developed by Echelon Corporation. It is now maintained by Echelon in collaboration with members of the LonMark Interoperability Association. It requires the use of Echelon's Neuron microprocessor to encode and decode the LonWorks packets.


The LonWorks protocol is based on the concept of using standardized functional profiles to control similar pieces of equipment. OEM translators are LonWorks compatible devices, but are not LonMark devices. A LonMark device has been thoroughly tested by Echelon (LonMark.org) and has been given the LonMark logo indicating compliance with the LonWorks profile specification. All LonMark devices require the use of proprietary hardware manufactured by Echelon Corp. In order to reduce the cost of adding that hardware on every translator, OEM formats the data packets in a manner specified by the LonWorks documentation and hands them off to the LonWorks Option Card.

 

LonWorks' aim is to provide developers, from the same or different companies, the ability to design products that will be able to interact with one another. The LonWorks protocol provides a common applications framework that ensures interoperability using powerful concepts called network variables and Standard Network Variable Types (SNVTs).

 

Communication between nodes on a network takes place using the network variables that are defined in each node. The product developer defines the network variables when the application program is created as part of the Application layer of the protocol. Network variables are shared by multiple nodes.

 

The use of Standard Network Variable Types (SNVTs) contributes to the interoperability of LonWorks products from different manufacturers. If all manufacturers use this variable type in their application when a network variable for continuous level is defined, any device reading a continuous level can communicate with other devices on the network.